The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) has issued a final rule regarding beneficial ownership reporting under the Corporate Transparency Act (CTA). Starting January 1, 2024, domestic (U.S.) and foreign (non-US) companies are subject to novel reporting requirements concerning beneficial owners. The rule intends to protect U.S. national security while strengthening the integrity and transparency of the U.S. financial system. It will aid in detecting criminal actors such as oligarchs, kleptocrats, drug traffickers, human traffickers, and those who would use anonymous shell companies to hide their illicit proceeds.
The final rule has an extended timeline for implementation. The rule goes into effect on January 1, 2024. Reporting companies established or registered before January 1, 2024, will have until January 1, 2025, to file their initial reports. However, any reporting companies established or registered after January 1, 2024, will have 30 days to file their initial reports. Following the initial report’s filing, current and new reporting companies must provide updates within 30 days of any change in beneficial ownership information. FinCEN is dedicated to enforcing these statutory duties and imposes significant penalties for non-compliant reporting companies.
The final rule defines” reporting companies “as domestic and foreign corporations registered to do business in any state or tribal jurisdiction in the United States.